DHAMAPUR LAKE (Wetland code 6073)
Details about Dhamapur Lake:
The Dhamapur lake has an area of fifty-five acers, and a maximum depth of 37 1/2 feet. Formed by damming a valley with an earthen bank, though the dam leaks considerably, it holds water in all the year round, and shews no tendency to silt. It waters about 500 acres, forty of them garden and the rest rice land.
The Marathas has large ship-building yards at Malvan and Vijaydurg. But while they consumed much fine timber, the rulers thought for the future and took steps to preserve the supply. The only valuable teak reserve now left in the south Konkan, 'Bandj tivra' in the Dapoli sub-division, and the Mhan, Dhamapur and Pendur forest at Malvan were sown by Kanhoji Angria about 1680, and in all their territories his successors stringently enforced forest conservancy. (As per Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency of Ratnagiri and Savantwadi, Vol X, originally printed in 1860)
As mentioned in Kudaldeshkar Samagr Itihas published by Prabodhan Research Associates, 17, KDGB Niwas, Girgaum, Mumbai.400004 - Page no 277 A dam on Dhamapur lake was built in the year 1530. (धामापूर तलावाचा बांध इ.स १५३० मध्ये बांधला आहे. धामापूर गावाचा 'सहम्यपूर' असा उल्लेख बदामी येथील चालुक्य सम्राट विजयादित्य याच्या नेरूर गावच्या शके ६२२ (इ.स.७००) च्या ताम्रपटलिखित दानपत्रात मिळतो तो असा : "विळी (हि?) गे (भे?) नदितटस्थ: बळळावळीळ ग्राम सहम्यपूर ग्रामयोर्मशयस्थ: नेरूर नानाम्नाग्राम: " - नेरुरच्या एका बाजूला नदीकाठी वालावली आणि दुसऱ्या बाजूस नदी पलीकडे धामापूर अशी गांवे आहेत. )
Planktons Diversity of Dhamapur lake: This report shows Lentic ecosystem like Dhamapur lake harbpur a rich biodiversity of Planktons. Planktons the microscopic diversity hold the key role in designing the food web of aquatic ecosystem. During this study 10 phytoplankton species (7 species of class Chlorophyceae, 1 species of class Euglenophyceae and 2 species of class Myxophycease) and 7 zooplankton species (4 species of Cladocera, 1 species of group Ostracoda and 2 species of group Rotifera) were recorded.
Check list of Dhamapur Lake plants: Moist decidious forest present around the Dhamapur Lake is the Reserve forest under the Sawantwadi Forest division. Dr.Balkrishna Gawade, eminant Botanist and Taxonomic along with the Interns of Syamantak 'UOL" lead a forest walk on 10th December, 2017, with the aim of listing the plants in and around the Dhamapur Lake. Rare Endangered species like Crotalaria filipes Benth,Gnetum ula Brong and Northopegia colebrookiana (wight) Blume.In addition to this, the plant chlorophytum glaucoides blatter, which is categorised as vulnerable is located on the banks of the lake too. A total report of 134 plants, contain 34 herbs, 33 shrubs, 14 climbers, 42 trees, 3 orchid, 23 plants are reported as rare and 3 plants are reported as rare endangered species as per the IUCN.(International Union for Conservation of Nature)